Asphalt tanker trailer or bitumen tanker are transport semi-trailers. There are several pieces that merge together to form this big machine including a trailer chassis, pump, tank body, burner, and a heating system. Rockwool is used for insulation on the inside is a layer and a stainless steel surface covering the outside of the asphalt tanker body. This makes asphalt tanker trailers durable and of high quality.
Let us look at these asphalt tanker trailers in more detail.
Asphalt tanker trailers are used for moving liquid asphalt from one place to another. These trailers either use diesel or gas burners to heat or insulate the liquid during transportation. Additionally, asphalt tankers are used for the penetration of asphalt penetrate asphalt pavements and treatment of asphalt surfaces.
These tankers also play a role to superficially pave and add another treatment layer on the surface in the plant-mixed black gravel road. Some trailers are designed to unload themselves using the inclination angle designed for the purpose. The angle is about 17 degrees, which helps the trailers to unload automatically at certain destinations. Moreover, the heaters blow air continuously to heat and insulate the asphalt in place automatically. These semi-trailers are ideal for the transportation of asphalt.
When we look at an oil asphalt tank, the heat transfer uses organic heat-carrying agent. The heating agent uses coal-fired, oil-fired or a coal-fired source to maintain the required temperature inside the trailer. The asphalt tanker trailer is low-pressure, safe, high-temperature and sanitary thereby keeping the material safe and untethered during its transportation.
The temperature can be controlled while transferring the asphalt from a larger trailer to a smaller tank without overheating the entire tank. Large-scale industries and factories use asphalt tanker trailers to transport huge amounts easily and quickly. When we look at the bitumen tanker trailers, they are produced from 2 to 4 axles and the body is designed differently. The body design of a bitumen tanker trailer varied according to the steel's needs and desired thickness.
The asphalt tank is principally used for heating the asphalt in order to keep it useable upon arrival at the destination. The tank circulates the heat using a hot oil pump to maintain different sets of asphalt temperatures. It is highly important that the temperature be maintained in the tanker in order to keep the properties and performance of the asphalt intact.
Another important thing to keep in check is the heat timings. If it is heated for too long and at higher temperatures, the quality of the asphalt reduces considerably. This influences the asphalt's performance and properties, which directly influences the purpose and quality of the project purpose and quality over 180the asphalt starts to decompose.
The asphaltenes break down to free carbon that affects the purpose of the asphalt for any given project. Asphalt is cohesive and ductile, but once the proportion of free carbon increases, carbides' precipitation spoils it considerably. The performance and properties of asphalt are thereby reduced.
Operating an asphalt tanker is not an easy task. The drivers are well trained and experienced before taking on long journeys of transporting liquid asphalt. Safe handling by terminal workers and tanker-truck drivers is of high importance. Keeping in mind the high temperature of the asphalt and driving hazards in different climate conditions poses a challenge.
The asphalt tank must go through proper inspection before any loading of asphalt. The tank should be clean of debris and other contaminants. In case there is moisture in the tank, the asphalt mixed into it will cause foaming. This foam, when formed, may cause harmful fumes to leave the tank and the operator will be affected.
There are several things every operator needs to keep in mind when loading asphalt in the trailer tank. These are:
1. Ensuring that the chair covers are in the right places on the rotating drives so there is no chance of entanglement.
2. The sources of combustion are well-lit and nowhere near open manholes or overflow vents. This ensures there are no fire hazards.
3. The distributor motor is on before the value is opened.
4. Before unlocking the storage tank, the loading hose must be attached properly and the bleeder valve should be closed.
5. Ensuring that no one is standing close to the possible openings of the valve's possible openings. This is an added safety measure.
6. Once everything is in place, open the valve on the storage tank and pump the desired amount of asphalt at a slow rate. This rate should be appropriate, neither very high nor very low.
7. Once the asphalt is filled in the tank, the storage valve is closed and the bleeder valve is opened. The pump must continue to work so that all residue of asphalt is out of the hose.
8. The tank must have enough space for the expansion of the asphalt when it is heated.
9. Once the hose is clear of all asphalt residue; the hose is disconnected and placed back properly in its storage location. The bleeder valve is closed and locked.
10. The asphalt levels present on the tank and gauges are also checked to ensure that sufficient quantity is placed in the tank.
While unloading asphalt from its tank trailer, the operator must ensure that, the chain covers are in their rightful places to avoid possible entangling. The sources of lit combustion must be clear of overflowing asphalt to reduce any fire hazards. Other things to keep in mind during unloading are:
1. Checking the storage tank for sufficient capacity.
2. The unloading hose is attached to the truck, and the bleeder valve is closed. Once this is in place, the operator will unlock the storage tank.
3. The valve to the storage tank pump is opened and the desired amount is filled at the right rate.
4. Once the unloading is completed, the distributor adjustments are made following the operations manual, and the valve is closed.
5. Every operator must follow the unloading instructions according to the model of the sucking hose. The hose must be cleared out of any residue asphalt using the bleeder valve.
6. Once all the steps are finished properly; the hose should be disconnected from the distributor and placed back in its storage place. The valve on the tank must be locked and the bleeder valve closed.
A tanker carrying asphalt is usually insulated with a heating device as it is used in carrying bitumen. There are several types of insulated tank trailers used for transporting different materials. The difference comes in the liquid type being carried across borders.
There is water present in the asphalt tanker trailers, and if that contains a colored binder, the temperature at the top should be 100 degrees. Once the dehydration cycle starts, this temperature is important to maintain. Once the tank level thermometer falls below that position, the suction valve is closed so the water does not backflow due to heating.
The exhaust present on the heating tank is opened using a valve that allows the asphalt to smoothly enter the heater. Before the ignition, the tank is filled with water. Once the water is filled, the valve is opened, and once the desired height is reached, the valve is closed.
There are ways to save fuel during the process of heating. Suppose the operator follows the instructions of the pump and pump and thermometer instructions done on time with safety. The asphalt should be pumped at high temperature during the dehydration time. In case the temperature is very high, the internal circulation cooling should be started immediately in order to maintain the right temperature. Asphalt heating tanks should be operated with the relevant principles.
The insulation material used in asphalt tankers is rock-mineral cotton and polyurethane. The pipe is placed at the bottom side of the tank that gives the purpose of heating. This is done so that loss rate of the heat is different in all parts of the trailer. To keep the asphalt taker insulated, there are several things the operator can follow to achieve the target.
The use of an insulated tanker in transport is essential. Industries rely on special cargo to transport sulfur, asphalt, bitumen, and liquid phenol. The trailer has a long heat preservation duration. The drivers and operators need to install heating tubes in the tanks. There are three types of heating modes, which are used in most insulated trailers.
The heating modes are coal, steam, and diesel burners. Asphalt in liquid form is transported at higher temperatures of about 250. Although such temperatures are supported through specialized means, all tanks are insulated to ensure the heat does not escape. With high temperatures comes the complexities of expansion of asphalt that happens during transportation. The tank heating takes care of this difference to maintain the quality of the asphalt.
The main use of asphalt is to bind gravel and therefore, the main ingredient is bitumen. Bitumen is a material made from processing petroleum. It can also be found in the natural environment. Asphalt is used in many things like road constructions and paving sidewalks.
There will likely be occasions where the asphalt solidifies in the tanker. The adhesive properties of bitumen can be tough work to get rid of but it is possible to dissolve the excess. Turpentine works on solid asphalt like waterworks on the sand. The best way to clean a tank is to pour turpentine over the solidified areas and allow it to soak.
If the asphalt has solidified for a few days now, it should soak for two to three days. If this happened recently, not much time would be needed to get it off. Using protective gloves while handling the cleaning is important to prevent health hazards.
The process of cleaning an asphalt tank trailer is a lengthy one. Starting with hot water that is flushed at a high speed to remove all residue from the tanker. This is done, so any hard, solidified asphalt also dislocates from its location. After that, detergent is flushed into the tanker to clean all contamination and ensure that all residue is freed from the tanker. Finally, the tanker is once again flushed with hot water to remove detergent agents from the tanker. All residue is removed from the tanker trailer this way.
Putting the fire out from an asphalt tanker trailer is not an easy thing to do. No matter what precautions operators and drivers take, accidents are bound to happen. In case of fire in the tanker, the operators and drivers must have fire extinguishers handy. These are usually available in the trailers and must be used to ensure that the fire does not spread.
The first thing is to vacant the vehicle and uses the extinguishers properly. If the tanker is filled with asphalt, the fire will not go out with mere fire extinguishers. The driver must vacant the surrounding areas and call for help immediately. Professional firefighters can do the job if called at the earliest.
The current price of an Asphalt tanker in 2021 is around USD 25,000 to $39,000. Several manufactures offer different things with additional specifications so getting the best price depends on the model and the make.
The heating system of bitumen tank trailers is different and makes it a unique choice for certain liquid transportation. The heating system includes 1 or 2 burners, pumps, generators and diesel engines that depends on the size of the tank body. This unique feature allows asphalt to be heated and ready for use upon arrival at the destination. There are different standards around the world, but the maximum load capacity of Asphalt Road Tanker capacity is 60,000 litres. Some countries allow as high as 22,000 litres but that also varies for road and sea transportation.
Asphalt tanker trailer is known as asphalt tank trailer, pitch tank trailer, asphalt tank truck trailer. Asphalt tank trailer is composed of automobile chassis, asphalt tank, asphalt pumping and spraying system, heat transfer oil heating system, hydraulic
We are 42000 Liters liquid asphalt tanker manufacturer from China. We supply 42000 Liters liquid asphalt tanker for sale. We can customize according to your needs.
Panda Mech is a bitumen trailer manufacturer from China. We provide 38000-60000 liters and more bitumen tanker trailers for sale. We can customize it according to your needs.
If you want to purchase asphalt tanker, or have doubts about the bitumen tanker trailer types, then leave message for us. PANDA MECH is your best choice. As a professional manufacturer with decades of production experience, we have provided various production solutions for tens of thousands of users at home and abroad. We can not only help you choose the asphalt tanker trailer that best suits your needs, we can also provide comprehensive after-sales service, whether it is about the operation, repair, and maintenance of the bitumen tanker.